Médoc («Middle Country» or «Pagus Medulorum») is an Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (AOC) for wine in the Bordeaux wine region of southwestern France, on the Left Bank of the Gironde estuary that covers the northern section of the viticultural strip along the Médoc peninsula. It is located at the northernmost point of the department between Lesparre (sub-prefecture) and the communes of Jau-Dignac and Loirac.
The Médoc appellation is divided into 8 sub-appellations: 6 communal ones which go from north to south along the Gironde estuary, towards Bordeaux: Saint-Estèphe, Pauillac, Saint-Julien, Margaux, Listrac and Moulis. And 2 so-called generic names: Médoc and Haut-Médoc.
The Haut-Médoc sub-appellation covers all the villages that are not “communal” as is the case of Cissac-Médoc. It begins at Saint-Seurin Cadourne north of Saint-Estèphe and ends at the gates of Bordeaux, Blanquefort.
It can be said that winemaking in this sub-appellation as well as AOC Médoc шт whole is traced into the Roman times and was already famous for producing quality wines. A lot of vestiges of the Empire dotted throughout the area. But in truth there were few plots of vines concentrated around Bordeaux. Nevertheless, for most of its history, the Haut-Médoc was a vast region of salt marshes used for animal grazing rather than viticulture. In the 17th century, Dutch merchants began an ambitious drainage project to convert the marshland into a usable vineyard area. Their objective was to provide the British market a wine alternative to the Graves and Portuguese wines that were dominating the market. Using technology that was advanced for that time, the Dutch were able to convert enough marshland to allow large estates to form all along the Gironde. Soon the Bordeaux wine regions of Margaux, Saint-Julien, Pauillac and Saint-Estèphe took shape. By the 19th century, the wine region of the Haut-Médoc was one of the most prosperous in France, with wines that had an international reputation that would be unparalleled till the late 20th century.
The soil in the Haut-Medoc region is mainly composed of thick gravel layers that have been swept down river over time and now sit on a base of heavy clay. The warm, well-drained gravel terraces provide ideal growing conditions for the late-ripening Cabernet Sauvignon grapes that dominate plantings in the Medoc. Further inland, the soils turn to deep deposits of clay, where the Merlot grape variety thrives. Patches of limestone and sandier soils add diversity to the more widely spread gravels, which otherwise dominate the terroir.
Administratively, Cissac-Médoc, where the Chateaux Guges is located, is a village located southwest of France, in the department of Gironde (33) in the Aquitaine region. It is located in the township of Pauillac being the part of the district of Lesparre-Médoc. The population of Cissac-Médoc was 2 068 people in 2015.
In Cissac-Médoc, the vineyard area is about 370 hectares divided between 24 independent harvesters, of which «Château GUGÈS» is one of the exceptional winemakers.
The property of «Château GUGÈS» is located in the very heart of this appellation and through the quality of its wines, work for the fame and prestige of “Haut-Médoc”, both in France and internationally.